Category Archives: TextEdit

Merry X-Mas! (with Glider 4 and Scarab of RA)

Even though it’s been a rough year around the world, soon will again be the time of the year, when the friendly, white-bearded dude in red outfit from Lapland will fly around the world, giving presents to everyone.

This year we are able to contribute to your holiday celebration, as we got permissions for distributing not only one, but two new classic Mac games, which you can enjoy during the holiday break:

New application bundles available for download: Scarab of RA and Glider 4

Thanks to the generous permissions by John Calhoun (author of Glider 4), and Rick Holzgrafe (author of Scarab of RA), those two defining samples of the classic Mac gaming history are now again available for everybody to play with during the holidays!

To download and try out these classics, go to the page on this site, and you will find links to both Mac and Windows 10 versions of these application bundles, including details about these games.

Although Glider already runs quite well in color mode, it is only available as the “classic” version for the time being, as sound is not yet working in the color mode. I will update the application bundle later in the spring, when the color version is ready for public testing.

NOTE: The current version of M.A.C.E. may cause random “pops” on macOS platforms, and possibly low-volume high-pitch background noise on Windows 10 platform. This is most likely is caused by the old classic sound emulation code we are still using, as it passes the 22255 Hz frequency used by old Macs directly to SDL2. It may apparently, depending on platform, give the job of upsampling it to the host operating system, which in some cases may give varying results depending on the audio hardware and drivers being used. This is a known issue, and it will be fixed when Sound Manager implementation is added in the spring, possibly even before that.

Most recent new tests cases: Holiday Lemmings, Master of Orion, Pararena 2.0

Fitting for the holiday season, we tried running X-Mas Lemmings demo, and for most parts it seems to work pretty well. However, in this game, the most important features missing are still Sound Manager and color cursor support.

Another test case, which we recently added, was inspired by watching a Twitch streamer playing the DOS version of this particular game: Master of Orion. The Mac version seems to work okay’ish in M.A.C.E., but there are some minor glitches:

  • Dialog items are missing from various new game setup dialogs
  • A lot of the color texts are drawn reversed, i.e. the text is transparent but rectangle around is text color. This is probably just a minor glitch in text blitter, which we will investigate and fix soon.
  • Sounds are missing because of the aforementioned missing work on Sound Manager

And as part of getting John Calhoun’s great games to work in our emulator, we also made some fixes which allow Pararena 2.0 to (almost) work in M.A.C.E. The only missing feature, which we know of, is again Sound Manager support. I guess that will be a main goal to aim for during the spring…

More Styled Textedit updates

In other news, there is progress in various parts of the emulator, one of them being the ongoing work on improving Styled Textedit support. Two of the test cases most recently made functional are Speedometer and the aforementioned Pararena 2.0 (which both ironically use it for help screens, by pure coincidence):

There is still some work to do, as for example editing a Styled Textedit field does not yet work, because caret and highlight features are still not updated for multi-style support.

Full list of changes since last post

2020-12-21 03:14:09 +0200 • Fix updating FSSpec name from TE field in StdFile 
2020-12-21 03:12:17 +0200 • Implement StandardPutFile selector (#5) in Pack3  
2020-12-21 02:56:24 +0200 • Add Master of Orion test app to CMake JSON configs
2020-12-21 02:04:46 +0200 • Implement DisposeCCursor trap for Color QD
2020-12-20 01:21:33 +0200 • Merge branch 'master' of
2020-12-20 01:21:23 +0200 • Add Holiday Lemmings Demo CMake JSON configs
2020-12-20 01:19:57 +0200 • Fix handle MP flag check in ResrvMem
2020-12-19 17:36:06 +0200 • Remove colon from CMake JSON config app names
2020-12-18 17:01:07 +0200 • Merge branch 'master' of
2020-12-18 17:00:41 +0200 • Color PICT recording updates
2020-12-17 01:10:47 +0200 • Rename native EqualRect to not collide Win64 API
2020-12-17 01:09:52 +0200 • Make GestaltKeyboardType windows compatible
2020-12-17 01:09:16 +0200 • Update windows icon caches
2020-12-17 01:08:26 +0200 • Update appname in cmake configs to support windows
2020-12-17 00:40:50 +0200 • Fix invalid character in wolf 3d cmake json config
2020-12-10 23:38:31 +0200 • Implement TEGetOffset trap
2020-12-10 23:32:23 +0200 • Add Pararena 2 CMake JSON test application config
2020-12-10 23:31:31 +0200 • Implement TEGetStyle selector for TEDispatch
2020-12-10 23:01:36 +0200 • Add patOr color QD rectangle blitter mode support
2020-12-10 02:44:49 +0200 • Mark rect dirty in b&w CopyMask (+fix warnings)
2020-12-10 01:44:02 +0200 • Add some john calhoun's games to CMake JSON conf..
2020-12-10 01:35:42 +0200 • Use ShieldCursor instead of HideCursor in CopyMask
2020-12-10 01:34:02 +0200 • Some cursor code cleanup (init state, AllocCursor)
2020-12-09 16:07:08 +0200 • Add patOr, patXor & patBic color QD StdLine modes
2020-12-09 13:57:13 +0200 • Fix missing icon check in Dialog Manager item draw
2020-12-08 03:14:20 +0200 • Handle launch failure more gracefully
2020-12-06 05:26:53 +0200 • Add SimpleText test app JSON config to CMake
2020-12-06 05:25:59 +0200 • Tweak Glider 4 CMake config, update 4.06 to 4.10
2020-12-05 16:21:48 +0200 • Fix Pixel2Char output width on TRUE result case
2020-12-05 14:30:26 +0200 • Work on TEStyleInsert; Speedometer help works now
2020-12-04 05:50:01 +0200 • Fix start pt to bottom right clamp in GrowWindow
2020-12-02 22:47:00 +0200 • More CMake tweak + update build number
2020-12-02 20:30:30 +0200 • Update some CMake test app JSON configs
2020-12-02 02:37:25 +0200 • Fix compilation on Xcode 12

TextEdit update: first styled text features added

The progress has been a bit slow in the last month because of us being extra busy at our regular daytime jobs, but we did manage to squeeze some long-awaited changes in. We finally started the work on multistyled textedit support, which is extension added to TextEdit API around System 6.0.4, allowing more than a single style to be applied within text edit records.

As we did not have much time to work on this yet during November, we only have so far roughly these features implemented for style support:

  • Multistyled TE record creation using TEStyleNew
  • Partial setting of appending multistyled text using TEStyleInsert
  • Adjusting existing styles using TESetStyle
  • Drawing multistyled text within the TEDoText’s teDraw selector
  • Measuring multistyled text

And the following style properties can be used within the styles:

  • Style font family
  • Text face (bold, italic, underline, etc…)
  • Font size
  • Text color

From the test applications we have been running, the most important ones requiring styled textedit support have been HyperCard 2.x and Marathon. Below is screenshot of HyperCard 2.0 Home stack, with multistyled text showing right on the welcome screen:

HyperCard 2.0 Home stack with multistyled text

And even more importantly, Marathon terminals can now be opened and operated, which means that we can finally proceed forward in Marathon gameplay to the other levels beyond the first one:

Marathon’s terminal view, with multistyled textedit field used for the text rendering

However, there are still some missing features, of which we need add these most important ones next:

  • Finalize TEStyleInsert to handle given StScrpHandle data properly
  • Implement other multistyle TEDoText selectors, such as teFind and teCaret, to allow actual styled text editing
  • Merge identical adjacent styles after style adjust operations, to avoid excessive style run array growth
  • Add other missing selectors to TEDispatch where needed
  • Also implement any other missing toolbox calls used by textedit where needed

With current speed of progress, the most important ones of the remaining parts textedit API should be usable within a couple of weeks. Unless we get too distracted by playing Marathon 🙂

Full list of changes since last post

2020-11-29 23:52:29 +0200 • Added PortChanged (no-op) selector in QDExtensions
2020-11-29 23:27:24 +0200 • Add JSON cmake config for HyperCard 2.2 test app
2020-11-29 23:26:55 +0200 • Add no-op dummy InitDateCache ScriptUtil selector
2020-11-29 23:22:50 +0200 • Implement partially ScriptUtil's SetEnvirons
2020-11-28 04:47:13 +0200 • Fix clamping of negative offset in TEPinScroll
2020-11-28 04:46:09 +0200 • Fix clamping of below bottom in pt-to-line routine
2020-11-28 03:48:03 +0200 • Implement TEGetPoint selector for TEDispatch
2020-11-27 01:30:49 +0200 • Handle styled text in TEDispose
2020-11-27 00:52:53 +0200 • Refactor TE locals, don't cache dereferenced hTE
2020-11-26 05:38:32 +0200 • Other fixes to make TESetStyle to work & add debug
2020-11-26 05:33:34 +0200 • Get correct style run idx for singlebyte edge case
2020-11-26 05:31:53 +0200 • Fix lineheight calc (wrong index & zero new slots)
2020-11-26 05:28:27 +0200 • Add missing TEApplyStyle byteswap (run->startChar)
2020-11-26 05:27:33 +0200 • Return correct style index @ existing style lookup
2020-11-26 05:26:30 +0200 • Set stCount, stHeight and stAscent for new styles
2020-11-26 05:25:31 +0200 • Add viewRect validation to TEDoText (debug mode)
2020-11-26 05:24:38 +0200 • Set stCount to 1 when inserting a new style
2020-11-26 05:23:52 +0200 • Re-deref TEHandle in TEStyleNew after hText alloc
2020-11-26 05:22:51 +0200 • Increment text pointer in TEFindLine for new style
2020-11-26 05:19:32 +0200 • Fix byteswap in numerator check in StdText
2020-11-25 04:28:32 +0200 • Work on TESetStyle (not yet working, but almost)
2020-11-23 03:24:16 +0200 • Start work on TESetStyle (and TEContinuousStyle)
2020-11-22 05:15:36 +0200 • Add style support to TEGetLineForV
2020-11-22 04:47:30 +0200 • TESetSelect styled text support
2020-11-22 04:45:35 +0200 • More TEStyleInsert work (line heights calculated)
2020-11-22 00:57:54 +0200 • TEStyleInsert progress (TEFindLine style support)
2020-11-21 04:53:05 +0200 • TextEdit BIG refactor & start adding TEStyleInsert
2020-11-21 02:46:25 +0200 • Implement GetCPixel and SetCPixel (ResEdit PACK 1)
2020-11-20 15:59:17 +0200 • Fix colorQD colormap bug, 1&2-bit modes flipped fg
2020-11-20 15:37:02 +0200 • Implement GetEntryUsage trap for palette manager
2020-11-20 15:23:33 +0200 • Implement old-style FONT lookup in RealFont
2020-11-20 14:47:15 +0200 • Fix bugs in styled text rendering, it works now
2020-11-20 13:56:34 +0200 • Don't set/read flags for purged/unallocated handle
2020-11-20 12:44:49 +0200 • Implement TEGetHeight (non-styled) for SimCity 2K
2020-11-20 12:28:04 +0200 • Make SWAP macro single-line safe
2020-11-20 05:48:11 +0200 • Fix for what looks like VERY strange bug in Excel…
2020-11-20 05:45:10 +0200 • Add dummy GetPortNameFromPSN selector @ OSDispatch
2020-11-20 05:44:27 +0200 • Add PPC trap dispatcher w/ dummy PPCInit & PPCOpen
2020-11-20 05:20:57 +0200 • Temporarily increase system heap size
2020-11-20 05:20:15 +0200 • Dummy switcher info data for testing Excel 3.0
2020-11-20 04:36:18 +0200 • Prototype styled TextEdit draw & linewidth measure
2020-11-10 22:48:13 +0200 • Implement TEGetStyleHandle for TEDispatch
2020-11-10 22:28:22 +0200 • Implement dummy IsLayer selector for LayerDispatch
2020-11-10 22:09:35 +0200 • Add TEDispatch, and TECustomHook and TEFeatureFlag
2020-11-10 03:22:20 +0200 • Implement TEStyleNew trap handler for TextEdit
2020-11-10 03:20:44 +0200 • Update Scarab of RA test app config to new version
2020-11-08 13:47:35 +0200 • Optional release version logging/assertions toggle
2020-11-08 13:46:56 +0200 • Minor code cleanups (logging, prep dirtyrects etc)
2020-11-08 13:27:22 +0200 • Fix src/mask address calculation in B&W CopyMask
2020-11-08 00:54:19 +0200 • Reinforce save of auxiliary regs in C->68k calls
2020-11-08 00:42:58 +0200 • Fix clamping of teLength in TextEdit's DoDraw proc
2020-11-04 16:17:43 +0200 • Add GWorld rowbytes calculation method selection
2020-10-31 03:26:53 +0200 • Handle wInGoAway also in SystemClick (Close DA)
2020-10-31 03:25:08 +0200 • Add missing change from the slot manager commit

Second mid-summer update: Post-roadtrip, TextEdit progress, Clipboard…

Okay, so both members of development team have been busy being on vacation trips for the past few weeks, but we’re again back (although still on “kind of” summer break). To celebrate this we decided to each post a picture of what we’ve been up to, but to make this appropriate to topic of this blog, we do this by showing the photos using M.A.C.E running Photoshop 🙂

Road trip vacations

First, Pukka went on a road trip to Eastern Finland with his good old trusty Volvo station wagon for one week:

Pukka went on a road trip to Eastern Finland with his good old trusty Volvo station wagon for one week

Toni went on a two-week road trip to Northern Germany, visiting 12 cities in 14 days, including taking this amazing train from Hamburg to Kiel:

Toni went on a two-week road trip to Northern Germany, visiting 12 cities in 14 days, including taking this amazing train from Hamburg to Kiel

TextEdit progress (and Scrap Manager)

During this two weeks of visiting a lot of places, Toni had a couple evenings time to do some work on (non-styled) Text Edit, which now is nearly complete, and is able to run TeachText with almost all text editing features working:

TeachText works now on M.A.C.E.!

These are the notable features which work now in TextEdit:

  • Multi-line text display, with scrolling support (viewRect/destRect offsetting)
  • TEKey text input (still a bit hacky but functional)
  • TEClick with autoscrolling support, double-click word selection (using TEFindWord), and fExtend support for “shift-key”-type extending of selection, and recognition of left/right side of character for proper caret positioning
  • TextEdit hook support for nearly all TE Hooks (TEDoText, TERecalc, TEWordBreak, ClikLoop, TEFindWord, TEFindLine, TETrimMeasure, EOLHook, HighHook, etc…) which can be customized by 68K apps
  • Caret support with TEIdle blinking, TEKey cursor key movement (including multi-line support), and multi-line selection range support
  • Nearly all “quirks” of regular System 7.x TextEdit implemented as they work on real Mac; including the weird way caret gets positioned when moving across line boundaries using left/right arrow keys if previously clicked on right-hand side of a character, etc…
  • Dialog Manager edit field support, with System 7-type multi-line text support (i.e. edit fields with one line get extended horizontally 2x size, and scroll both horizontally and vertically, while multi-line edit fields only scroll vertically), “tabbing” between edit fields, and complete TEKey/TEClick support
  • Maybe some others I’ve forgotten to mention

Additionally, as TeachText wanted to use also Scrap Manager for edit functions, in parallel to implementing TECut/TECopy which use private TextEdit scrap, the implementation of generic Scrap Manager was finalized so that Clipboard file is fully supported (previously only in-memory state of scrap was implemented).

However, TEPaste still needs to be added for a 100% completion of “Edit” menu features for TeachText – and also, styled TextEdit work has not yet been started, which will be required in future to support more complex apps such as SimpleText and HyperCard 2.x.

Next up, on Toolbox API side, work is being done on Resource Manager’s resource fork write support, mostly just because after Scrap Manager was implemented, SuperPaint was able to progress a bit further in it’s startup, but wants to create “SuperPaint Prefs” file using Resource Manager’s functions, so might as well add that next. As of writing this, there’s already support for AddResource, ChangedResource and WriteResource, but we need to add resource fork compacting support to UpdateResFile to actually write the file properly. But we’ll get back to that later.

Bonus pic – for fun 🙂

Meanwhile, here’s a funny pic of what it looks when we run 28 M.A.C.E. instances at once 🙂 All quite responsive even though they’re all in full debug mode, although same can’t be said about the old Mac Pro when it was running them… 😀

28 individual M.A.C.E. applications (in debug mode) running at once 🙂

Mid-summer update: TextEdit progress

We’re still on summer “break”, but there has been a few evenings time to work on some TODO items, lately especially on the TextEdit implementation. It’s still far from complete (the basic, single-style TextEdit – Styled TextEdit is another undertaking on its own!), but there has been some progress that has already some visible effects.

For example, one of the games we’ve been testing emulation with, Scarab of RA, relies EXTREMELY lot on TextEdit, including quest log, inventory (which includes selecting items with text selection highlight included), help/hint, about, and score dialogs. Some of these work in very interesting ways, for example quest log and inventory assemble text by concatenating text from individual segments – for example, “16 ounces of food” line in inventory is assembled one by one from strings “16”, ” “, “ounce”, “s”, ” of food”, and carriage return. The game also appears to use the internal line start offsets to intercept clicks in inventory, highlighting individual lines using text selection by itself.

The game is already approaching playable state, but there are still a few issues – most notably, recalibration of line start offsets does not update last line offsets correctly when removing, causing removed lines to sometimes leave “trashed” text at end of text edit boxes. Here’s some screenshots of how it looks like now:

Scarab of RA gameplay screen, with inventory selection highlighted
Multi-line text highlighting of recent message in quest log

Additionally, a few other games (Lemmings, Simcity) can now proceed past copy protection screens, as we can finally use the VERY hacky TEKey implementation to enter correct answers to the protection questions (SimCity also required a bunch of new selectors to be added to the FP68K SANE dispatcher):

Lemmings can now proceed to gameplay, which appears to work perfectly, including sound & music output using Sound Driver
SimCity (black & white version) can also proceed to game, although sound does not yet work as it still has the weirdly mixed up sound completion routine method signature which crashes the device manager if sound is not disabled

EDIT: Here’s a video of first 15 minutes of Mac Lemmings gameplay:

Lemmings running on M.A.C.E.

There is also some effect on productivity apps:

Text object can now be created in MacDraw
Hypercard at userlevel 5

As the “message” window in HyperCard 1.x is now able to accept commands, we can use “set userlevel to 5” command to actually modify the included stacks! Still a lot of things broken there, but yet a lot new functionality unlocked… We haven’t though had time to play with them, but it should soon be much more usable!

EDIT: After minor tweaking with SDL TextInput API, MacPascal can also now accept text input, compile and run Pascal code:

Some test code entered, compiled and run in MacPascal

In general, TextEdit still has a lot of important features unfinished or to be implemented:

  • No caret display yet (teCaret in TEDoText)
  • TEClick not yet implemented, thus using mouse for selecting text does not work yet
  • TEKey is VERY hacky, needs for example arrow key control, backspace support, etc
  • Dialog Manager keyboard input does not yet handle default items/clipboard commands etc
  • The keyboard driver is still passing key events through scancodes without real mapping to actual MacRoman characters, preventing modifiers/host operating system keyboard layout from having effect
  • Line start recalibration has still sometimes issue when removing lines from middle of text
  • Selections have still some visual glitches, especially when typing text in dialogs
  • Styled TextEdit support still completely missing…for now
  • Probably other things too which I can’t remember…

And now back to the summer break…